MIS-C stands for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, which is a condition where different body parts become inflamed, and which is a potentially severe complication associated with Covid-19.
Symptoms of MIS-C can develop while the child is still recovering from their Covid-19 infection or around 2–6 weeks after they have already recovered. The average age of children who develop MIS-C is 9, while boys are also more at risk of developing symptoms than girls.
Patients with MIS-C may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
Children with Covid-19 who develop severe symptoms of MIS-C could quickly deteriorate and find that their lives are in danger, which is why parents should carefully monitor them for the aforementioned symptoms. Additionally, should said symptoms present, parents must act decisively and seek urgent medical attention from a pediatrician, who will perform a diagnosis and provide timely treatment.
There are several levels of symptom severity for MIS-C affecting children with Covid-19, as follows:
Hence, the care required for each child is dependent on the severity of symptoms, with pediatric cardiologists best placed to analyze the extent to which that child is ready for a return to play and exercise.
Treatment for MIS-C requires the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, treatment of symptoms according to which bodily systems they are affecting, and follow-up analysis to check how the patient is recovering. For some patients with severe symptoms that are potentially life-threatening, this treatment and monitoring may need to take place in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Such departments will be staffed by doctors specializing in pediatric critical care who are on hand to support patients 24 hours a day, as well as specialists in a range of related fields, including pediatricians specializing in infectious disease, heart disease, the respiratory system, the digestive system, the central nervous system, kidney disease, or hematological disorders. These specialists will also be responsible for follow-up care once the patient is recovering, which will help them make a full return to their former lives and daily activities.
As many schools are now accepting students back on site for lessons, parents must be especially aware of how to protect their children from MIS-C. This protection is best achieved by keeping them free from Covid-19 because of the condition’s relationship with the virus. The following steps should be taken to protect children:
Parents should be sure to teach and warn their children about how to protect themselves using the above advice until positive habits are formed because of their importance in terms of reducing the risk of infection.