Dengue virus is an infectious disease spread by mosquitoes. This specific virus is the cause of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), a virus that has been reported in numerous countries around the world, with the first reported case in the kingdom in 1958. Today, the annual number of people infected by the virus extends from tens to hundreds of thousands.
The disease is most common during the rainy season, from around May to September. DHF can be found in people at any age and gender. However mostly seen in people aged 5-9 years old, followed by those aged 10-14, 0-4 and 15 years of age respectively. However, the disease has not been shown to affect people differently based on gender. Dengue hemorrhagic fever does pose a major problem for the public health system due to mosquitoes being the carriers of the dengue virus.
There are numerous species of mosquitoes, but only Aedes aegypti species can transmit dengue virus as they hunt during the daytime, lay their eggs in clean, stagnant water sources and are capable of carrying the disease for the duration of their 1- to 2-month lifespan.