Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a condition in which a person can see near objects more clearly than distant objects.
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a condition in which a person can see near objects more clearly than distant objects. Myopia is usually the result of a larger than normal eye. In the myopic eye, light rays from distant objects focus before they reach the retina. The result is blurred vision. A tendency for myopia may be inherited; frequent or prolonged near work may influence its progression. It is typically detected in school-age children, may worsen during adolescence, and generally stabilizes between the ages of 20 and 40 years of age.
Hyperopia usually occurs when an eyeball is smaller than normal. When an eyeball is small, light rays from near objects do not focus properly on the retina at the back of the eye. The result is blurred vision. Hyperopia may be inherited. Babies and young children tend to be slightly hyperopic. As the eye grows and becomes longer, hyperopia lessens. Presbyopia, a condition with similar symptoms, has an entirely different cause that is related to aging.
Astigmatism is a condition in which objects, both near and distant, appear blurred. The cornea and lens of the eye should be spherical. When one or both are curved more steeply in one meridian than another, the optics take on a toric shape (like a football). This uneven curvature prevents light rays entering the eye from focusing to a single point on the retina, blurring the visual image somewhat like a funhouse mirror at an amusement park. Astigmatism often occurs in combination with myopia and hyperopia.
Signs and Symptoms
Myopia: blurred vision, inability to see distant objects clearly, Hyperopia: blurred vision, inability to see near objects clearly, Astigmatism: Blurred vision of near and distant objects; eyestrain and fatigue
Eyeglasses or contact lenses; refractive surgery